The University Bookman


Volume 45, Number 1 (Winter 2007)

Editor’s Note

Tiber, Thames, Potomac

That the First Amendment establishes a “separation” between church and state throughout all levels of government has long been a stubborn myth of American life, shared by both nativists and, at least since the early part of the last century, most liberals. Philip Hamburger, in a book reviewed in this issue, demonstrates—if further demonstration were needed—that this myth has no basis. Indeed, the separation of church and state is more ideology than history, designed to serve those elements of public life who would drive people of faith from acting on their convictions in the public sphere, and would penalize them in the participation in public goods and services merely on account of their faith.

A fairer understanding of the role of religion in the development of the American nation reveals the clear and central role Christianity has played in establishing what we now consider the basic protections of a secular, pluralist state. Harold Berman has done significant work here, as Bruce Frohnen discusses, in uncovering the medieval roots of Anglo-American liberty. His reflections provide a nice contrast to some recent writing by conservatives, who have questioned whether religion plays any role in forming culture or in serving as an organizing principle of society.

William Hay continues that story, in a different key, through the present, with a nuanced look at J. G. A. Pocock’s study of the world made by British power, from New Zealand to New York. The old narrative of a unitary British power has given way, in part, to a more multilayered account of British history, which sees the cultural and ethnic connections among England and its former possessions forming a larger story of British influence after the contraction of its former empire.

Rome and its fall continue to hold pride of place in the Western imagination. Gibbon famously concluded the Christian religion was a strong cause of the Western Empire’s fall, while Christopher Dawson saw the acceptance of the faith by Constantinople and the west as a saving act of a decadent empire that lead to a new cultural flowering. As Matthew McGowan shows in his review of two significant books examining the passing of Rome, Gibbon is now out of fashion, and Dawsonian insights have gained some traction. The fall and its aftermath, while real, was not a mere transitory period before the medieval era, but had its own culture, and saw the interplay of the three Abrahamic religions. As the British and Roman examples show, empires, even beneficent ones, fall as a result of overextension, corruption, and the mere passage of time, something that may be worth remembering as we inch toward a new presidential election cycle in the new Rome on the Potomac.

In addition to all of the above, we are pleased to feature the first of a two-part review of a new study of Pakistan, as that nation has grown in importance for American foreign relations since September 11, as well as reviews of other important recent books from the United States and abroad.

Gerald J. Russello

Posted: April 12, 2007 in Editor’s Notes.

Did you see this one? book cover

America’s Aviation Icons
Robert Huddleston
Spring 2014

The conservative believes that the individual is foolish, although the species is wise; therefore, unlike the confident intellectual, he declines to undertake the reconstruction of society and human nature.

Russell Kirk


Subscribe & Follow


More from the Bookman!

book cover book cover book cover

What’s Good for GM is Good for Marcuse
Grant Havers

What Punishment? Whose Community?
Charles Fain Lehman

The Judges’ Law Book: A Major Study of John Selden
W. Bradford Littlejohn

Everything You Think You Know About Fascism Is Wrong
Scott Beauchamp

Who Is Blackford Oakes?
William F. Meehan III

Rousseau’s Reactionary Disciple
Greg Morrison

book cover book cover book cover

Bookman Contributors Elsewhere

Martyn Wendell Jones on Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker.

Stephen Presser has been named the visiting scholar of conservative thought and policy at the University of Colorado at Boulder for 2018–2019.

David Pietrusza appeared on C-Span to discuss his book, 1920: The Year of the Six Presidents.

Adrian Vermeule on Deneen’s Why Liberalism Failed.

Jeff Bilbro who recently reviewed the new Library of America edition of Wendell Berry for us, is now taking over editorial duties at Front Porch Republic.

Joseph Bottum has a new book out for children, on our everyday blessings.

More …


We are pleased to announce the release of The University Bookman on Edmund Burke, now available for Kindle. Collecting 21 reviews, essays, and interviews from the Bookman on the life and thought of Edmund Burke, this book is only $2.99, and purchases support our ongoing work to provide an imaginative defense of the Permanent Things. (3 Mar 2015)

Other Sites of Interest

Publisher Sites


Copyright © 2007–2018 The Russell Kirk Center for Cultural Renewal